Across the United States, minorities comprise more than half of the national waiting list for an organ transplant. Minorities including African-Americans, Asians and Pacific Islanders, Native Americans, and Hispanics are more likely than whites to have certain chronic conditions that affect the kidney, heart, lung, pancreas, and liver.
For example, African-Americans, Asians and Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Hispanics are three times more likely than Caucasians to suffer from end-stage renal (kidney) disease, often as the result of high blood pressure and other conditions that damage the kidneys.
Although organs are not matched according to race or ethnicity, all individuals waiting for an organ transplant will have a better chance for receiving one when there are large numbers of donors from their racial and/or ethnic background. This is because compatible blood types and tissue markers are more likely to found among members of the same ethnicity-allowing for a better chance of donor/recipient matching.
The need for minority donors is increasing and that is why it is especially important for people from minority groups to sign up for organ and tissue donation.
Nationwide Statistics on Minority Donation